The word Archaeology defines as the Stone Age, Bronze Age, and earlier periods of medieval age, and with India, being a country so vibrant, every part of it has lot more to say. India’s geography has been tremendous since earlier times, with trades and commerce large part of India had been explored with means of living and occupation. Western India was more down to sea banks, being a part of a vast civilization at that time Kutch has evolved to be a great amalgamation of historical reigns.
Following are the prominent sights of archaeological ruins of Kutch
Dholavira, an ancient city belonging to the Indus Valley Civilization is one of the prominent significance of India. Located at Khadir Bet, an island in the Kutch Desert, it is surrounded by water in the monsoon season. Being the fifth largest Harappan Site in the Indian Subcontinent, this site was discovered by J.P Joshi in 1967-8. Dholavira is the only place where you can find the sign board, inscriptions of the letters, and other excavation elements. You can find a dam and 16 reservoirs of water that are massively ingenious, being interconnected by underground canals.
Dholavira ranks as the one among 5 largest urban centers of Harappan civilization, with MohenJo Daro, Harappa, Ganweriwal which are now in Pakistan and Rakhigari in India. Dholavira is an extremely planned Harappan city with amenities that matched modern mechanical abilities. The city was planned in three levels – The Citadel, The Middle Town, and The Lower Town. Citadel consists of two fortified divisions and middle town is fortified too which is separated from citadel by a long ceremonial hall. The lower town is not fortified. Plenty of Stones that embarks the ruins of the Dholavira can be witnessed here.
Located 160Km from North East Bhuj, Surkotda stands surrounded by an undulating rising ground of small sandstone hills. These hills are red laterite soil giving the entire region a reddish brown color. Discovered in 1964, the mound is higher on the western side and lower on the eastern side with an average height of 16-26Ft. A river flow was observed here 750m wide that flowed once on the north eastern side of the site.
It is an archaeological site belonging to the Indus Valley Civilization. It was in 2006, the excavation of Kanmer was undertaken by varying institutes and research departments. Kanmer is fortified in whole though being a smaller place as it has been the trade route from Sindh to other places. Ceramics, clay seals with holes, pendants with Indus Scriptures were found during excavation, also beads specific to industrial amenities were found here which shows that it was a place oriented with industrial units.
- Lakhpat fort
Lakhpat has a religious importance concentric with Sikhs. The site has now become a Gurudwara, and it has been of mere value because of Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism camped here once during his journey to Mecca. The place holds Nanak’s possessions. Also, Pir Ghaus Muhammad, a Sufi mystic, his tomb has been placed herein with a stone construction with complex carvings in Lakhpat. It has been said that he devoted himself as a strong spiritual follower half as Hindu and half as Muslim. Sayyed Pir Shah’s nine domed mausoleum has intricate carvings, doors, windows and fences that are an immense pleasure to see. Here nearby you can find chinkaras and nilgai’s, also caracals and civet can be found here. If you get lucky you can spot them with merely a beautiful view.
- Siyot Caves
Siyot is a monastery site of the 7th century Chinese travelers, one among the 80 monasteries, reported to travel at the Indus River. These Caves have been said as dated back to 1st century of their existence, being a picture of the traditional culture and illustrious history. The inscriptions, sculptures and architectures of ancient time can be fascinating enough for today’s living. Also resembling the Buddhist culture, sanctums and ambulant can be sighted here.
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